What Do We Know about E-Cigarette!

As a pulmonologist with the San Diego Veteran’s Affairs hospital, Laura Crotty Alexander has probably answered every possible question about smoking. Whether her patients were trying to find ways to quit or just wondering whether their current health problems could be associated with smoking, Crotty Alexander provided answers.

A couple of years ago, however, her patients began asking new questions: Are electronic cigarettes safer than conventional cigarettes, and will they switch? “I did not have the answers. As a physician and a researcher, that was very frustrating,” Crotty Alexander says.

Physicianeverywhere the country are encountering an equivalent questions from their patients. Out of nowhere, it seems, e-cigarettes–or electronic nicotine delivery systems, as they’re formally known–are appearing at gas stations, convenience stores, and anywhere else cigarettes are sold. Advertisements claim e-cigarettes offer health benefits by helping smokers quit. All e-cigarette users inhale is “harmless water vapour .” (1) The e-cigarette, it might seem, takes all the danger out of smoking.

Many environmental health scientists aren’t so sure. Maciej Goniewicz, a toxicologist at the Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, New York, says, “This is vapor, but only alittle proportion of it’s water.” Mostly, he says, it’s made from propanediol and/or glycerin, the most ingredients within the “e-liquid” (or “e-juice”) that’s vaporized inside e-cigarettes. When heated, these solvents produce an aerosol resembling cigarette smoke. (2) Most e-liquids also contain flavorings and preservatives. (3,4)

“Most of what we all know about e-cigarettes is from lab studies,” Goniewicz says. “We do not know about the important health effects on the users of this product, especially on long-term users.”


The newness of e-cigarettes means longitudinal studies about potential health dangers are still within the distant future. Meanwhile, the prevailing literature about the security of the devices consists of small studies on e-liquids and e-cigarette emissions. It remains unknown exactly how e-cigarettes and their related secondhand smoke compare with conventional cigarettes.

Despite the shortage of health data, many researchers assume e-cigarettes are less dangerous than conventional cigarettes. Gerry Stimson, a public health scientist at Imperial College London, explains, “When you burn substance , you inhale many nasty things into your lungs.” Because e-cigarettes only heat a liquid instead of burning tobacco leaves, he says, it creates fewer hazardous particles which will be inhaled.

“The vapor doesn’t appear to be benign, but it does seem to be the lesser of two evils in comparison to cigarettes,” Crotty Alexander says.

Stimson adds, “At issue may be a matter of weighing up potential risks against potential health benefits. Small and sometimes not so small risks are related to all kinds of pharmacological and other health and social interventions, but the required precautionary principle must be weighed against potential benefits.”

Of course, saying something is safer than smoking cigarettes isn’t exactly setting a horizontal bar . The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that cigarette smoking causes one in five U.S. deaths annually , including deaths resulting from secondhand smoke exposure. (5) Smoking may be a leading risk think about chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, carcinoma , and disorder . (6) it is the leading preventable explanation for premature death within the us and one among the leading causes round the world. (6)

A Boom in Popularity

Against a backdrop of accelerating awareness of the health dangers of cigarettes and legal crackdowns on public smoking, Chinese pharmacist Hon Lik first developed an electronic alternative to traditional cigarettes in 2003. (7) E-cigarettes entered the U.S. market in 2007. (8)

The devices are available a spread of shapes and sizes, but all are variations on an equivalent general theme: A component at one end aerosolizes a liquid nicotine solution, and therefore the vapor is inhaled through a mouthpiece. …

IJOY Shogun Univ TC Mod Kit

IJOY Shogun Univ TC Mod Kit with Katana Tank 180W

Description:
IJOY Shogun Univ TC mod kit is an impressive TC Mod Kit which rounds the novel appearance and powerful performance up. 2 external 18650 batteries with max 180W output and bottom adjustable airflow system ensure longtime vaping and a strong throat hit. The 0.96inch display, big fire button and top filling system make a user-friendly experience from using to supplying. 6 colors come with different patterns, whichever will stand you out of the crowd!

Quick Links:
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IJOY Shogun Univ TC Box Mod

Main Features:
1. 0.96inch display, beneficial to clear the real-time data
2. Made of resin and zinc alloy, subvert your perception over the touching feeling and texture
3. Triangular adjustable bottom airflow, easy to adapt the vaping to your preference
4. Powered by 2 18650 batteries ( not included )
5. Equipped with a USB port to supply the power and update the firmware
6. Top filling system, simplify the refilling
7. Big fire button, make it effortless to operate
8. 6 colors with unique patterns, distinctive and stylish.


Specifications:
Brand: IJOY
Model: Shogun Univ

Shogun Univ MOD
Screen: 0.96inch
Battery: 2 x 18650 batteries ( NOT included )
Battery Capacity: 6000mAh
Power Range: 5 – 180W
Resistance Range: 0.05 – 3.0 ohm
Temperature Range: 300 – 600 ¡ãH / 149 – 316
Output Current: 0 – 45A
Material: Zinc Alloy & Resin

Katana Tank
Capacity: 5.5ml
Compatible coil: KM1 Coil 0.2ohm, 40-80W, DM-M2 Coil 0.15ohm, 40-80W, DM-M3 Coil 0.13ohm, 50-90W(not included)
Drip tip: 810
Thread: 510

Product Size: 14.57 x 5.5 x 2.84 cm
Package Size: 16 x 10 x 6 cm
Product Weight: 0.24 kg
Package Weight: 0.353 kg

Package Contents:
1 x IJOY SHOGUN UNIV Mod, 1 x IJOY KATANA SUBOHM Tank, 1 x KM1 Coil 0.15ohm ( 40-80W Pre-installed ), 1 x DM-M2 Coil 0.15ohm ( 40-80W ), 1 x 4ml Replacement Glass, 1 x Tool Pack, 1 x USB Cable, 1 x Manual, 1 x Warranty Card

Vaping Damages Immune Cells, Researchers Find

The vapor inhaled from e-cigarettes is toxic to immune cells in the lung known as alveolar macrophages, according to an in vitro study published yesterday (August 13) in Thorax. Using lung tissue samples from eight nonsmokers, researchers at the University of Birmingham in the UK found that, over a period of 48 hours, the vapor led to the production of reactive oxygen species, the release of inflammatory cytokines, and the inhibition of phagocytosis in the cells—calling the perceived safety of the devices into question.

“I don’t believe e-cigarettes are more harmful than ordinary cigarettes,” study coauthor David Thickett says in a statement. “But we should have a cautious scepticism that they are as safe as we are being led to believe.”

IJOY Captain Resin TC Box Mod

Previous studies of e-cigarettes’ safety have focused on the liquid used in the devices before it is vaped. This study compared unvaped and vaped e-cigarette fluid and found that the vapor itself triggered some physiological effects in lung cells that were similar to those seen in smokers and lung disease patients, such as an upregulation of proteins related to oxidative stress.

The vaped liquid is “significantly more toxic” to alveolar macrophages than the nonvaped liquid, the researchers conclude in their paper. “While further research is needed to fully understand the effects of e-cigarette exposure in humans in vivo, we caution against the widely held opinion that e-cigarettes are safe.”

 

IJOY Captain Resin TC Mod Kit

Martin Dockrell of the government agency Public Health England tells BBC News that smokers should not be put off swapping their cigarettes for e-cigarettes as a way to quit smoking. “E-cigarettes are not 100% risk-free, but they are clearly much less harmful than smoking,” he says. “Any smoker considering e-cigarettes should switch completely without delay.”

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IJOY is a global electronic vape device leader. Superior quality, industrial design , and new innovative functions has been the key elements amongst all iJoy products. Not only did we changed the image of traditional tobacco products, but also brought the design of combining function and beauty to a new level.

IJOY Captain Resin TC Box Mod

We believe our success comes from our deep understanding across business, technology and user. This has helped us keep breaking through different barriers in the field of vape industry.Kit, With our top research team, iJoy has been successfully capturing the market’s demand and user expectation.

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IJOY Captain Resin TC Mod Kit

Since the start of iJoy, we have always integrated character, originality, and innovation in our products. Now iJoy has expended its reach over 5 continents throughout USA, Russia, UK, France, Germany, Japan, Malaysia, Indonesia, Oceania,Canada, Spain, Italy, Poland, Denmark, South Africa, Paraguay some 30 countries.